Untitled 1969
Untitled, 1982
Untitled, 1985
Untitled 1987
Untitled (#911224), ca. 1991
Untitled (#980812), ca 1998
Untitled (#980818), 1998
Untitled (June 5-29, 2006) Yellow (4th Brown) Series 4
Untitled (January 23), 2004
Untitled (#790036), ca. 1979
Untitled (#751216), ca. 1975
Untitled Dec 15- Feb 12, 1976(Byzantine Light Series) (B2014-16)
Untitled - February 1, 1976 (B2014-25)
Untitled (#750918), ca. 1975
Untitled 1969 (B2014-24)
Brushed Line Series: 18 May 6, 1997 (B2014-19)
Untitled 19 (July 1-23), 1992
Untitled, May 25, 1997 (Brushed Line Series) (B2014-18)
Untitled (#940503), ca 1994
Untitled (#800111b)
Untitled (#800112)
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Ronald Bloore
1925 - 2009

CM, MA, LLD, DLitt
1925 - 2009
Price range: $3000-$57,000

A professor at the University of Regina in the 1950s, Ronald Bloore was instrumental in helping bring about the Emma Lake works shops in northern Saskatchewan. He received an honorable doctorate from the University of Regina (along with his compatriots (the Regina Five)) in 2001.

(Born May 29, 1925, Brampton Ontario, Canada)

A professor at the University of Regina in the 1950s, Ronald Bloore was instrumental in helping bring about the Emma Lake works shops in northern Saskatchewan. He received an honorable doctorate from the University of Regina (along with his compatriots (the Regina Five)) in 2001.

(Born May 29, 1925, Brampton Ontario, Canada)

EDUCATION AND TEACHING

1946 - 1949 B.A. (Art and Archaeology), University of Toronto, ON

1949 - 1951 Studied art history and archaeology at Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, New York

1951 - 1953 M.A. (Art and Archaeology), Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri

1951 - 1954 Instructor in Art and Archaeology, Washington University, St. Louis

1955 Belgium-American Educational Foundation, in Brussels and Antwerp, Belgium

1955 - 1957 Studied at The Courtauld Institute, University of London, England

1956 - 1957 Art Master, Brixton Day College, London, England

1957 - 1958 Instructor in Art and Archaeology, University of Toronto, ON

1958 - 1966 Instructor in Art and Archaeology, University of Saskatchewan, Regina College, Regina, SK

1966 - 1990 Professor in the Division of Humanities, Faculty of Arts and Faculty of Fine Arts, York University, Toronto, ON

1985 - took leave from teaching to paint full-time in first Adelaide St. studio, Toronto, ON

AWARDS

1955 Belgium-American Educational Foundation Scholarship

1955 - 1956 Canada Research Humanities Foundation Scholarship

1962 - 1963 Canada Council Senior Arts Fellowship

1963 1st Prize, 15th Annual Contemporary Art Exhibition, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BC

1966 Mural, Montreal International Airport, Dorval, QC

1967 Centennial Medal

1967 Mural, Conference Centre, Charlottetown, PEI

1967 Jubilee Medal

1983 Joseph E. Green Award

1993 C.M. - Membership in the Order of Canada

1993 Ll.D. - Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from York University, Toronto, ON

2001 D.Litt. - Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from the University of Regina, SK

TRAVELS

1962 - 1963 Studied and painted in Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Spain and France

1966 Travel in Iceland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark

1973 - 1974 Travel in Greece, Turkey, Iran and Spain

Other travels include Germany, Holland, Italy, Portugal, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Alaska and the Arctic

SELECTED EXHIBITIONS (*denotes solo exhibitions )

1958 Winnipeg Show, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB (also in 1960 and ‘62)

1959 87th Annual Exhibition (The Ontario Society of Artists), Art Gallery of Toronto, ON

1959 Four Canadians, Art Gallery of Toronto, ON

1960 The May Show, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, SK

1961 Five Painters from Regina, The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON

1961 Sao Paulo Biennial, Sao Paulo, Brazil

1961 Fourth Biennial Exhibition of Canadian Art, The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON

1962 *Here and Now Gallery, Toronto, ON

1963 Art of Spain and the Americas, Madrid, Spain

1963 Fifth Biennial Exhibition of Canadian Art, The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON

1963 The 32nd Vancouver Art Gallery Annual, The Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BC

1964 Canadian Painting, The Tate Gallery, London, England

1965 *Ronald Bloore, Dorothy Cameron Gallery, Toronto, ON

1965 *Ronald Bloore, The New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, NB

1965 *Ronald Bloore, The Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB

1965 Canadian Prints and Drawings Exhibition, Commonwealth Arts Festival, Cardiff, Wales

1965 Statements: 18 Canadian Artists, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, SK

1967 Painting in Canada, Canadian Pavilion, Expo ‘67, Montreal, QC

1968 *Ronald Bloore, Jerrold Morris Gallery, Toronto, ON

1968 Seventh Biennial Exhibition of Canadian Art, The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON

1969 The Canada Council Collection Exhibition, The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, ON

1970 *Ronald Bloore, Jerrold Morris Gallery, Toronto, ON

1971 Saskatchewan. Art and Artists, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, SK

1972 *Ronald Bloore Some Paintings and Drawings from 1958-1972, Hart House Art Gallery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON

1972 *Ronald Bloore, Jerrold Morris Gallery, Toronto, ON

1972 Recent Vanguard Acquisitions, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, ON

1973 *Ronald Bloore, Jerrold Morris Gallery, Toronto, ON

1974 Present Company: In Pursuit of Recent Art, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, ON

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Sixteen Years, 1958-74, Art Gallery of Windsor, Windsor, ON

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Sixteen Years, 1958-74, London Art Gallery, London, ON

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Sixteen Years, 1958-74, Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, ON

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Sixteen Years, 1958-74, Musée d’Art Contemporain, Montreal, QC

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Sixteen Years, 1958-74, The Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Sixteen Years, 1958-74, The Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, BC

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Sixteen Years, 1958-74, The Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, SK

1975 *Ronald Bloore, Bau-Xi Gallery, Vancouver, BC

1975 *R.L. Bloore, New Byzantine Lights and Other Paintings, 1960-76, MacDonald Gallery, Queen’s Park, Toronto, ON

1976 *R.L. Bloore, New Byzantine Lights and Other Paintings, 1960-76, Thomas Gallery,

Winnipeg, MB

1976 *Ronald Bloore, Jerrold Morris Gallery, Toronto, ON

1978 *R.L. Bloore, 1977-78, Bau-Xi Gallery, Toronto, ON

1978 Modern Painting in Canada, Edmonton Art Gallery, AB

1979 *Ronald Bloore, Paintings and Works on Paper, “Summer 79,” Bau-Xi Gallery, Toronto, ON

1979 20th Century Canadian Drawings, The Gallery Stratford, Stratford, ON

1981 *Ronald Bloore, Paintings and Sculpture, Quan and King Gallery, Toronto, ON

1981 Regina 5, Exhibition Number Two, The Purple Hills Arts and Heritage Society, Creemore, ON

1982 *Ronald Bloore, Robertson Gallery, Ottawa, ON

1982 Ronald Bloore, The Moore Gallery, Hamilton, ON

1983 White on White, The Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB

1983 Ronald Bloore, Works on Paper, Galerie Dresdnere, Toronto, ON

1984 *Ronald Bloore, 25 Years, Galerie Dresdnere, Toronto, ON

1984 *San Francisco Arts Commission Gallery, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

1985 *Shaped Panels and Coloured Works by Ronald Bloore, The Region of Peel Art Gallery,

Brampton, ON

1985 The Zacks’ Gift - Then and Now, Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON

1985 *Ronald Bloore, Recent Paintings, Region of Peel Art Gallery, Brampton, ON

1985 *Ronald Bloore, New Paintings and Drawings, Galerie Dresdnere, Toronto, ON

1986 Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts, Hang Zhou, People’s Republic of China

1986 *Ronald Langley Bloore, The Art Gallery of Peterborough, Peterborough, ON

1987 *Ronald Bloore, Works on Paper, Galerie Dresdnere, TO

1987 *Ronald Bloore, Paintings and Constructions, Galerie Dresdnere, TO

1988 *Ronald Bloore, Recent Paintings, The Moore Gallery, Hamilton, ON

1988 *R.L. Bloore, Drawings 1960-1988, The Art Gallery of Peterborough, Peterborough, ON

1989 The Flat Side of the Landscape: The Emma Lake Artists’ Workshops. Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, SK

1991 *Ronald Bloore: Not Without Design, Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, SK

1992 *Ronald Bloore: Not Without Design, Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, ON

1992 *Ronald Bloore: Not Without Design, Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS

1992 *Ronald Bloore: Not Without Design, Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, AB

1993 *Ronald Bloore: Not Without Design, Glenbow Museum, Calgary, AB

1992 *Homage to Ronald Bloore: Not Without Design, The Moore Gallery, Hamilton, ON

1992 Achieving the Modern: Canadian Abstract Painting and Design in the 1950’s, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, MB

1993 Achieving the Modern: Canadian Abstract Painting and Design in the 1950’s,

Confederation Centre Art Gallery and Museum, Charlottetown, PEI

1993 Achieving the Modern: Canadian Abstract Painting and Design in the 1950’s, Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, SK

1993 *Ronald Bloore, A New Series of Paintings, The Moore Gallery, Hamilton, ON

1993 The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950’s, Musée du Quebec, Quebec City, QC

1993 The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950’s, The National Gallery of Canada

1993 The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950’s, Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, SK

1993 The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950’s, The Glenbow Museum, Calgary, AB

1994 The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950’s, The Hamilton Art Gallery, Hamilton, ON

1994 Homage to The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950’s, The Moore Gallery,

Hamilton, ON

1994 Achieving the Modern: Canadian Abstract Painting and Design in the 1950’s, Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, AB

1994 Achieving the Modern: Canadian Abstract Painting and Design in the 1950’s, Art Gallery of Windsor, Windsor, ON

1995 *Happy Birthday! Ronald Bloore, The Peter Pan Restaurant, Toronto, ON

1995 *Ronald Bloore at Seventy, Bau-Xi Gallery, Toronto, ON

1995 *Ronald Bloore, Works Mainly from the Nineties, Bau-Xi Gallery, Toronto, ON

1995 Ronald Bloore & Tony Urquhart: Three Decades of Work The Moore Gallery, Hamilton, ON

1996 circa 1996, 11 Artists’ Working Today, self sponsored exhibition, Toronto, ON

1996 Ronald Bloore: White Painting & Black Drawings & David Partridge, Russell Gallery, Peterborough, ON

1996 *Ronald Bloore, Paintings and Dwgs from 1977 to today, Gallery 7, Toronto, ON

1996 *Vanier College Honours Ronald Bloore, York University, Toronto, ON

1998 *Ronald Bloore, The Many Colours of White, The Moore Gallery, Toronto, ON

1999 *Ronald Bloore, The Lost Drawings of 1981, The Moore Gallery, Toronto, ON

1999 Making it New! The Big Sixties Show, The Glenbow Museum, Calgary, AB

1999 Making it New! The Big Sixties Show, The Art Gallery of Windsor, Windsor, ON

2000 *Ronald Bloore at Seventy-five, Recent Paintings, The Moore Gallery, Toronto, ON

2001 *Ronald Bloore, The Blue Series and a New Series, The Moore Gallery, Toronto, ON

2001 *Ronald Bloore: White Poems, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, ON

2002 *Ronald Bloore: Works on Paper, The Lambton Gallery, Sarnia, ON

2002 On Paper, Recent Gifts of 13 Artists, University of Toronto Art Centre, Toronto, ON

2002 *Ronald Bloore: Three Decades of Work, 1973-2002, The Moore Gallery, Toronto, ON

2003 *Ronald Bloore: Inkworks and Oils on Paper, 1978-86, Meridian Gallery, San Francisco, CA

2003 *Ronald Bloore: Maquettes and Small Paintings, Winchester Gallery, Victoria, BC

2003 *Ronald Bloore, A Journey Through Time, The Art Company, Toronto, ON

2005 *Ronald Bloore, Dark Chocolate, The Moore Gallery, Toronto, ON

2005 *Ronald Bloore at Eighty 1988-2005, Art Gallery of Peterborough, Peterborough, ON

2007 The Regina Five Plus, Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, MB

2007-8 *Ronald Bloore Fragments of Infinity, Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, MB

2008 *Ronald Bloore Constructed Visions, Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa, ON

2009 *Ronald Bloore 1925-2009 A Tribute, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ON

2009 Regina Five, in Honour of Ron Bloore, The Bau-Xi Gallery, Toronto, ON

2011 *Ronald Bloore: Five Decades, The Moore Gallery, Toronto, ON

2011 *Ronald Bloore 1925-2009, The Wallace Galleries, Calgary, AB

2011 The Regina Five, 50 Years Later, Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, SK

COLLECTIONS, PUBLIC

Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia

Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia

Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia

Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, Alberta

Moose Jaw Art Museum, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan

Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, Saskatchewan

Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Manitoba

Art Gallery of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario

London Regional Art Gallery, London, Ontario

Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario

McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, Ontario

Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario

York University, Toronto, Ontario

Hart House, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario

Art Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario

Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ontario

Art Gallery of Peterborough, Peterborough, Ontario

Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, Ontario

National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario

Canada Council Art Bank, Ottawa, Ontario

Department of External Affairs, Ottawa, Ontario

Musée d’Art Contemporain, Montreal, Quebec

Musée du Quebec, Quebec, Quebec

Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec

International Airport, Dorval, Quebec

New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, New Brunswick

Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, New Brunswick

Confederation Centre Art Gallery and Museum, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island

Owens Art Gallery, Wolfville, Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia Art Gallery, Halifax, Nova Scotia

Canadian Embassy, Rome

this is a partial list

COLLECTIONS, CORPORATE AND INSTITUTIONS

Casey House Hospice

Canadian Industries Limited

Citicorp

Consumers Distributing Co. Ltd.

Norcen

Guaranty Trust Co.

Toronto Dominion Bank

Imperial Oil Limited

Lavalin

Manulife

Shell Canada

CN Hotels

Crown Life Insurance

Husky Oil

Royal Bank of Canada

Coopers and Lybrand

Osier, Hoskin and Harcourt

Swiss Bank

Lesser Film Studio

Loblaws

First City Capital

Cineplex

Casa Capital

this is a partial list

PLUBLICATIONS

FULL TEXT TRANSCRIPTIONS of some writings by and about Bloore have been included in the web site www.ronbloore.ca on the Full Text pages.

This list is not yet exhaustive. It ranges from the entry in the Canadian Oxford Dictionary to the monographic Not Without Design catalogue. Also, there are films and videos and internet-based databases.

CATALOGUES (BY DATE)

Simmins, Richard B. Five Painters from Regina. Ottawa: The National Gallery of Canada, 1961

Arta de America y Espana, 1963

Statements: 18 Canadian Artists. Regina: Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, 1967

Fraser, Ted. R.L. Bloore, Sixteen Years. 1958-1974. The Art Gallery of Windsor, 1975

Tamplin, Illi-Maria. L’Etoile Noire. Peterborough: The Art Gallery of Peterborough, 1982

Parke-Taylor, Michael. Jacques Lipchitz: Mother and Child. Regina: Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, 1983

Tamplin, Illi-Maria, Ronald Langley Bloore. Peterborough: The Art Gallery of Peterborough, 1986

Tamplin, Illi-Maria, R.L. Bloore, Drawings 1960-1988. Peterborough: The Art Gallery of Peterborough, 1988

O’Brian, John, ed. The Flat Side of the Landscape: The Emma Lake Artists’ Workshops. Saskatoon: Mendel Art Gallery, 1989

Oko, Andrew, Jan Gerrit Wyers, 1888-1973, Foreword by Ronald Bloore. Regina: Mackenzie Art Gallery, 1989

Heath, Terrence, Ronald Bloore: Not Without Design, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, 1991

Bloore, Ronald, (Forward), Doug Morton Retrospective, Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, 1994

McKaskell, Robert, Making it New! The Big Sixties Show. The Art Gallery of Windsor, 1999

MAGAZINE AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

Canadian Art magazine (before 1967)

Bates, Maxwell; “Visual Art and Photography” March 1960

Bloore, Ron; Letter, March 1951(V.8, #3)

Bloore, Ron; “Jan Wyers” March 1960, pp 60-65

Bloore, Ron et al; Ten Artists in Search of Canadian Art, Jan. 1966, p 62

Greenberg, Clement; “Art on the Prairies” March/April 1963, pp 90-107

Groves, N. J.; Review: “Five Painters from Regina” March 1962

Lord, Barry; “Ron Bloore and Contemporary Art Criticism” October 1966, pp 22-24

McKay, Arthur; “Emma Lake Artists’ Workshop: An Appreciation” September/October 1964, pp 280-281

Rockman, Arnold; “How 20 Canadians draw the line” March 1964. p 85-95

Silcox, David P; “Canadian Art in the Sixties” January 1966

Simmins, Richard B; “R.L. Bloore & Canadian Art” March/April 1962, pp.114-11

artscanada magazine

Arn, Robert; “Uses and Transformation of History in the Work of Bloore and Snow” June, 1975, pp 38-51

Bloore, Ron; “R.L. Bloore on Permanence” April 1968, pp 31-33

Bloore, Ron; “In the mainstream…” December 1969, pp 36-47

Bloore, Ron; “To assert man’s presence” December 1969, pp 24-29

Bloore, Ron; “Note on Ernest Lindner” June 1970, p 32-3

Bloore, Ron; “Group of 7: Toronto and Ottawa: Then and Now” August 1970, pp 52-54

Bloore, Ron et al; “CBC-TV Symposium on the Sacred in Art” April/May 1971, pp 17-254

Bloore, Ron; “To gain a sense of presence - to find a sense of urgency” December 1971, pp 48-67

Brodzky, Michael Ethan; “Ronald Bloore, A Memory of Significant Space” July/August 1981

Chandler, J. N.; “the Colours of Monochrome…” October 1971, pp 18-31

Chandler, J. N.; “Drawing Reconsidered”; Oct./Nov. 1971

Dault, G. M.; notes on exhibitions at Hart House and Gerrold Morris; Spring 1972, p 93

Gopnik, M. & I.; “The Article Poles (in 7 steps) Ronald Bloore”; June/July 1971 p 66

Heinrich, Theodore Allen; “Ronald Bloore: New Byzantine Lights and other Paintings” March/April 1977, pp 11-19

Heinrich, Theodore Allen; “Ronald Bloore: new directions” May/June 1979, pp 53-56

Lord, Barry; “Ronald Bloore” February, 1969, pp 39-40

Lord, Barry; “WHITE/LIGHT: a Visit to Ronald Bloore and His New Paintings” February 1970, pp 15-23

Vastokas, Joan M; “The Roots of Abstraction: an introduction” May/June 1979, pp 2-26, 68

Border Crossings

“Roy Kiyooka and the Regina Five” R. Enright, Winter 1993, Vol.12 No.1

Newspapers

Globe and Mail, “Artist Surprises Gallery by Donating Paintings” Kay Kritzwiser, Nov.21,1988

Globe and Mail, “Making art history with a high school gym and $6,000” John Bentley Mays, Oct.12,1981

The Toronto Star, “Bloore” (at the Here and Now Gallery), Robert Fulford, March 3,1962

The Toronto Star, “White-on-white Paintings Make Subtle Statements,” Christopher Hume, Sept. 6,1991

Others

The Beaver, The Emma Lake Encounters/ Win Hedore, Mark Reynolds, Dec 01-Jan 02, pp 8-14

Canadian Art, Ronald Bloore at the Art Gallery of Hamilton, Ron Shuebrook, Review, Summer 92, p 66

Kunstwerk, August 1963

Le Nouveau Journal (Montreal), 5 Jeunes Peintres des Prairies Prennent le Canada d’assaut” Dec.19, 1961

Time Magazine, “I Remember Dada” Canadian Edition, November 7, 1960

Vanguard, David Burnett; “Ronald Bloore, Galerie Dresdnere, Toronto” November 1985, p 32

Vie des Arts, Jean-Loup Bourget; “Ronald Bloore” Autumn, 1972, pp 60-63

Workseen, Eugene Knapik; “The Ron Bloore Interview” December 1990 - January 1991, pp 20-23

Books (by Title)

100 Years of Canadian Drawings, Jerrold Morris, (p 161! ), 1980

Achieving the Modern: Canadian Abstract Painting and Design in the 1950’s, Winnipeg Art Gallery, 1993

Baker Lake 1973: Prints, Baker Lake; Foreword by Bloore, Ronald; Sanavik Co-operative, 1973

The Best Contemporary Canadian Art, Joan Murray, Hurtig, 1987

Canadian Art: From its Beginnings to 2000, Anne Newlands, Firefly, 2000

Canadian Art in the Twentieth Century, Joan Murray, Dunburne, 1999

Canadian Art Today. W. Townsend, ed. London: Studio International, 1970

Cineplex Odeon: The First Ten Years, David Burnett, Cineplex Odeon, 1989

La Collection Lavalin du Musée d’Art Contemporain de Montreal, 1994

A Concise History of Canadian Painting, Dennis Reid: Oxford University Press, 1973

Contemporary Canadian Art. David Burnett and Marilyn Schiff: Hurtig Publishers (with the Art Gallery of Ontario), 1983

Contemporary Canadian Painting , William Withrow: McClelland and Stewart, 1972

The Crisis of Abstraction in Canada: The 1950’s, Denise Leclerc, The National Gallery of Canada, 1992

Discovering Canadian Art: Learning the Language, Bryan Bennett and Constance Hall, Prentice-Hall, 1984

Documents in Canadian Art. Ed. by Douglas Fetherling” Canadian Art in the Sixties” by David P. Silcox

The History of Painting in Canada: Towards a People’s Art, Barry Lord: NC Press, 1974

The Mackenzie Art Gallery: Norman Mackenzie’s Legacy, W.A. Riddell: Mackenzie Art Gallery, 1990

Masterpieces of Canadian Art from the National Gallery, David Burnett, Hurtig, 1990

The Mendel Art Gallery: Twenty-five Years of Collecting, Mathew Teitelbaum, 1989

Painting in Canada: A History, J. Russell Harper: The University of Toronto Press, 1977

Uprooted. The Life and Art of Ernest Lindner. Terrence Heath: Fifth House, 1983

Visions. Vancouver and Toronto. Robert Bringhurst, et al: Douglas & McIntyre, 1983

Reference Books and Databases:

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary, Oxford University Press

The Canadian Encyclopedia, MacLelland and Stewart